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學人觀點

  • 【觀點】林柏成:深刻把握“江山” 與“人民” 的辯證關系

    來源:  發表(biao)時間:2021-04-02 11:22:52  

    林(lin)柏成

    2021年2月20日(ri),習(xi)(xi)近平總(zong)書記在黨史(shi)學習(xi)(xi)教育動員大會上的(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要講話(hua)中(zhong)(zhong)強調,“歷史(shi)充分(fen)證明(ming),江(jiang)山(shan)就(jiu)是(shi)人(ren)民(min),人(ren)民(min)就(jiu)是(shi)江(jiang)山(shan),人(ren)心向背關(guan)系黨的(de)(de)(de)生死存亡”。這一重(zhong)(zhong)要論述既是(shi)對馬克思主(zhu)(zhu)義人(ren)民(min)觀的(de)(de)(de)通俗(su)表達(da),也是(shi)對中(zhong)(zhong)華(hua)優(you)秀傳統文(wen)化(hua)中(zhong)(zhong)民(min)本(ben)思想(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)傳承弘揚,更是(shi)對我們黨執(zhi)政經(jing)驗的(de)(de)(de)深刻總(zong)結(jie),充分(fen)闡明(ming)了“江(jiang)山(shan)”與(yu)“人(ren)民(min)”之(zhi)間的(de)(de)(de)辯證關(guan)系,有力揭示了執(zhi)政基礎與(yu)人(ren)心向背的(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要作(zuo)用。因(yin)此(ci),我們必須深刻把握“江(jiang)山(shan)就(jiu)是(shi)人(ren)民(min),人(ren)民(min)就(jiu)是(shi)江(jiang)山(shan)”的(de)(de)(de)內(nei)在邏輯,充分(fen)明(ming)確其實踐要求,將(jiang)新時代中(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)特色社(she)會主(zhu)(zhu)義偉(wei)(wei)大事業不斷推向新的(de)(de)(de)境界,為(wei)全面建(jian)設社(she)會主(zhu)(zhu)義現代化(hua)國(guo)家和實現中(zhong)(zhong)華(hua)民(min)族偉(wei)(wei)大復(fu)興的(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)夢凝聚磅(bang)礴力量。

    第一,江山(shan)(shan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)立(li)場(chang)是人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min),人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)江山(shan)(shan)為(wei)人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)。在中國(guo)(guo),要把(ba)握(wo)“江山(shan)(shan)”與“人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)辯(bian)證關系,就(jiu)必(bi)須(xu)了解中國(guo)(guo)共(gong)產黨的(de)(de)(de)(de)初心(xin)和(he)(he)使命(ming),從而更好地(di)把(ba)握(wo)中國(guo)(guo)現(xian)實,體會人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)訴求(qiu)。為(wei)什么人(ren)(ren)(ren)的(de)(de)(de)(de)問(wen)題,是一個根(gen)本(ben)性、原則性的(de)(de)(de)(de)問(wen)題,也(ye)是檢驗一個政黨、一個政權性質(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)試金石(shi)。習(xi)近平(ping)總書(shu)記指出,“人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)立(li)場(chang)是中國(guo)(guo)共(gong)產黨的(de)(de)(de)(de)根(gen)本(ben)政治立(li)場(chang)”。中國(guo)(guo)共(gong)產黨自成立(li)之日起,就(jiu)始(shi)終把(ba)為(wei)中國(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)謀幸福、為(wei)中華民(min)(min)(min)族謀復興作(zuo)為(wei)自己的(de)(de)(de)(de)初心(xin)和(he)(he)使命(ming)。我們(men)黨根(gen)基在人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)、血脈在人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min),她團結帶領(ling)廣(guang)大人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)進行革(ge)命(ming)、建(jian)設和(he)(he)改革(ge)的(de)(de)(de)(de)根(gen)本(ben)目的(de)(de)(de)(de),就(jiu)是讓人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)過上好日子。歷史和(he)(he)人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)之所以選擇了中國(guo)(guo)共(gong)產黨,就(jiu)是因為(wei)她始(shi)終堅(jian)守(shou)人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)立(li)場(chang)不動搖,努力(li)實現(xian)好、維護好、發展好最廣(guang)大人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)根(gen)本(ben)利益。從這個意義上說(shuo),我們(men)的(de)(de)(de)(de)紅色(se)江山(shan)(shan)體現(xian)出鮮明的(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)性特征。

    第二,人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)江山的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)(zhu)體力(li)量(liang)和(he)深(shen)(shen)厚(hou)(hou)根(gen)基。人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾不(bu)僅(jin)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)物質財富和(he)精(jing)神財富的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)創造者(zhe),而且是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)變革的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)決定力(li)量(liang)。毛澤東同志指(zhi)出,“人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min),只有(you)(you)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min),才(cai)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)創造世界歷史的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)動力(li)”。鄧小平(ping)同志曾(ceng)說,“我(wo)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)中(zhong)國(guo)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)兒子,我(wo)深(shen)(shen)情地(di)愛著我(wo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)祖國(guo)和(he)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)”。習近平(ping)總書(shu)記強調,“忘記了(le)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min),脫離了(le)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min),我(wo)們就(jiu)會(hui)(hui)(hui)成(cheng)為(wei)無(wu)源之(zhi)水(shui)、無(wu)本之(zhi)木,就(jiu)會(hui)(hui)(hui)一(yi)事(shi)無(wu)成(cheng)”。歷史車輪滾滾向前(qian)(qian),時間是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)山河最好(hao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)見證(zheng)者(zhe),人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)偉大(da)時代中(zhong)真正的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)英雄(xiong)。正因為(wei)深(shen)(shen)深(shen)(shen)植根(gen)于(yu)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)之(zhi)中(zhong),緊緊依(yi)靠人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min),并善于(yu)從人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)踐中(zhong)汲取(qu)力(li)量(liang),我(wo)們黨(dang)(dang)才(cai)能(neng)始終歷經(jing)磨難而不(bu)斷奮起,才(cai)能(neng)建(jian)立和(he)鞏(gong)固屬(shu)于(yu)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)紅(hong)色政(zheng)權(quan),創造出舉世矚(zhu)目的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)輝(hui)煌成(cheng)就(jiu)。當前(qian)(qian),世界正經(jing)歷百(bai)年未有(you)(you)之(zhi)大(da)變局,我(wo)國(guo)正處(chu)于(yu)實(shi)現(xian)中(zhong)華民(min)(min)(min)族偉大(da)復興的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)關(guan)鍵時期。在(zai)(zai)全面(mian)建(jian)設社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義現(xian)代化(hua)國(guo)家的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新征程中(zhong),我(wo)們面(mian)臨(lin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)風險和(he)挑戰(zhan)前(qian)(qian)所未有(you)(you)。如何在(zai)(zai)治(zhi)國(guo)理政(zheng)中(zhong)更(geng)好(hao)地(di)化(hua)解這些風險和(he)挑戰(zhan),處(chu)理好(hao)改革發展穩定的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)關(guan)系,并推動中(zhong)國(guo)特色社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義事(shi)業沿著正確軌道(dao)穩健(jian)前(qian)(qian)行,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)擺在(zai)(zai)中(zhong)國(guo)共產黨(dang)(dang)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)面(mian)前(qian)(qian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)大(da)課題。“得(de)民(min)(min)(min)心者(zhe)得(de)天下”,人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)黨(dang)(dang)執(zhi)政(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)最大(da)底氣,也是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)黨(dang)(dang)執(zhi)政(zheng)最深(shen)(shen)厚(hou)(hou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)根(gen)基。我(wo)們始終堅信,有(you)(you)了(le)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)支持和(he)信任,有(you)(you)了(le)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)團結和(he)奮斗,中(zhong)國(guo)共產黨(dang)(dang)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)就(jiu)一(yi)定能(neng)無(wu)往而不(bu)勝。

    第三(san),人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)與(yu)(yu)江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)密不(bu)可分、有機(ji)統一。江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)是(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan),人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)由(you)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)執(zhi)掌(zhang)。“江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)就(jiu)是(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min),人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)就(jiu)是(shi)江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)”體現了(le)(le)“人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)”與(yu)(yu)“江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)”的(de)(de)有機(ji)統一,詮釋了(le)(le)中國共(gong)(gong)產黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)與(yu)(yu)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)群眾(zhong)(zhong)風雨同舟、血(xue)肉相連、命(ming)運(yun)與(yu)(yu)共(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)親密關系。從播(bo)下(xia)革(ge)命(ming)火種的(de)(de)小(xiao)小(xiao)紅船,到領(ling)航復興偉業的(de)(de)巍(wei)巍(wei)巨輪,中國共(gong)(gong)產黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)之(zhi)所以(yi)能(neng)從成立(li)之(zhi)初的(de)(de)幾十人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)到如今發展壯大成為(wei)世界第一大執(zhi)政(zheng)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang),靠的(de)(de)就(jiu)是(shi)始(shi)終與(yu)(yu)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)緊(jin)密聯系在(zai)(zai)一起。我們(men)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)總是(shi)把(ba)(ba)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)群眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)冷暖記掛心(xin)間、把(ba)(ba)百姓的(de)(de)事情放(fang)在(zai)(zai)心(xin)頭(tou),全心(xin)全意為(wei)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)謀福祉(zhi),因而能(neng)贏得百姓的(de)(de)愛戴與(yu)(yu)擁護(hu);人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)群眾(zhong)(zhong)也把(ba)(ba)共(gong)(gong)產黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)當作自己的(de)(de)親人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren),萬眾(zhong)(zhong)一心(xin)、眾(zhong)(zhong)志成城,不(bu)僅夯(hang)實(shi)了(le)(le)我們(men)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)執(zhi)政(zheng)基(ji)礎,也為(wei)江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)的(de)(de)鞏固(gu)提供了(le)(le)堅實(shi)保證。我們(men)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)是(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)主心(xin)骨、定(ding)盤星(xing)、壓艙石,人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)是(shi)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)靠山(shan)(shan)、黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)根基(ji)、黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)血(xue)脈。在(zai)(zai)中國共(gong)(gong)產黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)領(ling)導下(xia),“江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)”與(yu)(yu)“人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)”不(bu)僅體現了(le)(le)相互(hu)支撐,而且實(shi)現了(le)(le)良性互(hu)動(dong)。在(zai)(zai)前進的(de)(de)道(dao)路上,我們(men)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)只有始(shi)終堅持與(yu)(yu)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)同呼吸、共(gong)(gong)命(ming)運(yun)、心(xin)連心(xin),人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)日子才(cai)能(neng)越過越好,人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)江(jiang)(jiang)山(shan)(shan)才(cai)能(neng)永固(gu)長(chang)青。

    第四(si),矢志不(bu)渝為(wei)(wei)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)謀幸(xing)福、為(wei)(wei)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)謀復興。“江山(shan)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)江山(shan)”,既是(shi)(shi)(shi)鏗鏘有(you)力(li)的(de)宣示(shi),也是(shi)(shi)(shi)行(xing)動(dong)實(shi)踐的(de)指南。目前(qian)(qian)(qian),在(zai)(zai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)共(gong)(gong)產黨(dang)的(de)領導下,我們已解(jie)決(jue)了(le)困(kun)(kun)擾(rao)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)華民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)幾千年的(de)絕對(dui)貧(pin)(pin)困(kun)(kun)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題,創造了(le)彪炳史(shi)冊的(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)間(jian)奇(qi)跡,全面建成小(xiao)康社會勝利在(zai)(zai)望,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)華民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)偉大(da)(da)(da)復興向(xiang)前(qian)(qian)(qian)邁(mai)出(chu)了(le)新(xin)的(de)一大(da)(da)(da)步(bu)。今(jin)天的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),懷揣著(zhu)對(dui)美好(hao)生活的(de)向(xiang)往,正意(yi)氣風發、豪邁(mai)自(zi)信地(di)朝著(zhu)第二個百(bai)年奮(fen)斗目標闊(kuo)步(bu)前(qian)(qian)(qian)行(xing)。在(zai)(zai)新(xin)的(de)歷(li)史(shi)起點上(shang),我們必須不(bu)忘(wang)初心(xin)、牢(lao)記使(shi)命,為(wei)(wei)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)謀幸(xing)福、為(wei)(wei)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)謀復興。在(zai)(zai)實(shi)際工(gong)作中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),“江山(shan)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)江山(shan)”就是(shi)(shi)(shi)要(yao)(yao)始(shi)終(zhong)堅持(chi)(chi)以人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)為(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)的(de)發展(zhan)思(si)想,將人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)放在(zai)(zai)心(xin)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)最(zui)高位置,時刻保(bao)持(chi)(chi)與人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)群眾(zhong)的(de)血(xue)肉聯(lian)系,著(zhu)力(li)解(jie)決(jue)發展(zhan)不(bu)平衡不(bu)充分問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題,真正推出(chu)務實(shi)舉措(cuo)解(jie)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)憂、紓民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)怨、暖民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)心(xin);就是(shi)(shi)(shi)要(yao)(yao)緊緊依靠人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),尊重人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)主體(ti)地(di)位與首(shou)創精神(shen),不(bu)斷發揮人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)積極性(xing)、主動(dong)性(xing)和(he)創造性(xing),努力(li)做到問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)政于(yu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)、問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)需于(yu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)、問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)計于(yu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min);就是(shi)(shi)(shi)要(yao)(yao)堅持(chi)(chi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)共(gong)(gong)享和(he)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)評判,始(shi)終(zhong)以人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)是(shi)(shi)(shi)否(fou)滿意(yi)為(wei)(wei)標準,在(zai)(zai)縮小(xiao)貧(pin)(pin)富差距、促(cu)進共(gong)(gong)同富裕上(shang)下功夫,使(shi)改革(ge)發展(zhan)成果更(geng)多(duo)更(geng)公(gong)平地(di)惠及全體(ti)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)。唯其如此(ci),我們黨(dang)帶領全國(guo)各族(zu)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)實(shi)現中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)華民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)偉大(da)(da)(da)復興中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)夢的(de)姿態(tai)才(cai)(cai)能更(geng)加(jia)自(zi)信從容(rong),萬里(li)江山(shan)才(cai)(cai)能更(geng)加(jia)錦繡壯美,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)才(cai)(cai)能更(geng)加(jia)富足安康。

    (作(zuo)者單(dan)位:廣西社(she)會科學院哲(zhe)學研究所(suo))

    (來(lai)源:中國社(she)會科學網-中國社(she)會科學報 2021年04月(yue)01日)


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